Know the Cooperative Principle

Based on a cooperative world, the idea that underlies the birth of the cooperative principles include solidarity, democracy, independence, the attitude of the interests of someone other than self-interest (alturisme), justice, state of the economy, and increase the common welfare. Cooperative principle itself is guiding lines or guides used by the cooperative to implement the values ​​of cooperative work in practice.

He is also the basis for cooperative work in conducting its business activities and organizations which constitute the hallmark and identity of cooperatives that distinguish it from non-cooperation companies.

Cooperative principle first became known and was pioneered by the Rochdale Cooperative in 1844. It contains a formula agreed upon by all members on ways to work for a consumer cooperative, is as follows.

- Sell ​​pure goods, must be original, and using the correct scales
- Sell ​​for cash
- Sell ​​according to market prices
- A member entitled to one vote
- Not discriminate against members of political and religious
- Surveillance conducted in a democratic
- Membership is open
- Limited interest on capital
- Distribution of net income comparable to the services and purchase of each member
- Providing training to members with the principles of

ICA as a cooperative world's top organizations have also formulated the general principles of cooperatives are expected to be implemented by co-operatives worldwide. To that end, ICA has established a special commission to review the cooperative principles that have been pioneered by the pioneers of the cooperative.

Not only once finished, the formulation of the principle of cooperation made ​​by the ICA as well as through reforms in the congresses are held on cooperatives. Finally, the ICA made ​​improvements through the ICA Congress 1995 in Manchester, England in 1995. ICA succeeded in formulating a statement of cooperative identity (ICA Cooperative Identity Statement / ICIS), the grains are as follows.

- Membership is voluntary and open
- Control by members of the democratic, one person, one vote
- Economic participation of cooperative members
- Autonomy and freedom
- Education, training, and information
- Close cooperation among cooperatives, both at the regional, national, and international
- Concern for community

In Indonesia alone has created a Law About the Cooperative Principle. Cooperative principle in accordance with Law No.25 of 1992, as follows.

- Membership is voluntary and open
- Management carried out democracy
- Distributions of Business (SHU) is done fairly proportional to the magnitude of the business services of each member
- Provision of fringe benefits are limited to capital
- autonomy
- cooperative education
- Cooperation antarkoperasi